Whenever an application crashes, iPhones store a log file keeping traces of what precisely caused the crash. Die Aufgaben und die Komplexität der heute digitalisierten Welt haben sich geändert und wir sind mitgewachsen, haben die Sprach- und Verständnisbarrieren zwischen Technikern und Nicht … h�bbd```b``^"W�Is��D2U�e���`R,�����d���o���`vX�j9g ��� �� WAl�P�� H�/�������g`����1�3@� DiZ ]com/LQoHgMCEE, Bonjour,Quelqu'un vous a recherché sur Truecaller.Découvrez de qui il s'agit. Additional evidence found on the phone reinforces this suspicion. Abdessadak El Bouchattaoui, is a lawyer and HRD. News NSO_Group Maroc. 446 0 obj <>stream The NSO Group claims that the technology is only used for lawful purposes, such as against terrorists and criminals and that if states misuse its tools, its human rights due diligence mechanisms are sufficient to investigate and remedy that misuse. That’s why contracts with all of our customers enable the use of our products solely for the legitimate purposes of preventing and investigating crime and terrorism. If you received similar SMS messages to those described in this report, you can share them with us by writing to the following email address: “As per our policy, we investigate reports of alleged misuse of our products. 431 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<00C540067418FF46B53C963391A56DB3>]/Index[408 39]/Info 407 0 R/Length 111/Prev 638556/Root 409 0 R/Size 447/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Such a network vantage point could be any network hop as close as possible to the targeted device. A new investigation led by Amnesty International revales that NSO Group, the Israeli company marketing its technology in the fight against COVID-19, contributed to a sustained campaign by the government of Morocco to spy on Moroccan journalist Omar Radi. (For a full list of all identified SMS messages, see Appendix-II. This allows us to reconstruct redirections and the chronology of web requests. The targeting of Radi came at a time when he was being repeatedly harassed by the Moroccan government between January 2019 and January 2020. ]co, was previously identified by Citizen Lab in the report “Hide and Seek: Tracking NSO Group‘s Spyware to Operations in 45 Countries“ as associated to the threat actor they named “ATLAS“ and suspected by Citizen Lab to be of Moroccan origin. | hxxp://tinyurl[. Additionally, we identified a new previously unknown domain: hmizat[. In order to meet that responsibility, NSO Group must carry out adequate human rights due diligence and take steps to ensure that HRDs in Morocco do not continue to become targets of unlawful surveillance. This charge was leveled simply for promoting a mobile application for citizen journalism that protected users’ privacy. Cookie Statement He is a part of the legal defence team for people imprisoned for participating in the social justice protests in the Hirak El-Rif across 2016 and 2017. We confirmed Maati Monjib had already been targeted with NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware via malicious SMS messages. The NSO Group says that it licenses products “only to government intelligence and law enforcement agencies” to investigate serious crime. This visit was followed by a redirect to the same domain, but provided with additional arguments: hxxps://bun54l2b67.get1tn0w.free247downloads[.]com:30495/szev4hz#048634787343287485982474853012724998054718494423286. The links contained in such messages closely resemble the URLs involved in the network injection attacks: Both links are composed of rather generic domain names, followed by a 7-9 random alphanumeric string. They can be found in Settings > Privacy > Analytics > Analytics Data. Le rapport d’Amnesty International sur les activités de NSO Group en relation avec le Maroc, complètent en réalité toute une série d’actions entreprises ces 5 dernières années par l’organisation de Droits de l’Homme dans un bras de fer avec l’entreprise israélienne spécialisée dans les logiciels de surveillance. 408 0 obj <> endobj Aux côté de 24 pays au monde, le Maroc a été cité comme client potentiel pour les produits de l’entreprise Circles, filiale de le la société israélienne NSO, dans une nouvelle Der Name NSO GmbH (Netzwerk Systemadministration und Onlineservices) hat uns über 16 Jahre treu begleitet. These targeted digital attacks against two Moroccan HRDs are symptomatic of a larger pattern of reprisals against HRDs and dissident voices being carried out by Moroccan authorities. h�b```���@��(���1�B���G�kg6��l��/̼�������RE�B>�a^���tu��Y3�[���Kd���>A�M:~�~�����o��n��N���$�����ɩ��? While there are significant legal and contractual constraints concerning our ability to comment on whether a particular government agency has licensed our products, we are taking these allegations seriously and will investigate this matter in keeping with our policy. L’Organisation en octobre 2019 avait publié un premier rapport intitulé : « Maroc, des défenseurs des droits humains ciblés par un logiciel espion de NSO Group ». The link between Warner and Omri Lavie, an ex-Israeli intelligence officer and one of the three founders of NSO Group (NSO stands for Niv, Shalev, and Omri, the first names of the three founders) lies in Warner’s longtime confidant, current business partner, and the former manager of his family’s investment office, Nicholas Perrins. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Constantly analysing what he should and shouldn’t say in his digital communications exerted significant psychological pressure on him. ]biz/2Kj2ik6, Le BackFriday continue exceptionnellement aujourd'hui chez CityClub!Dernière chance de s'offrir 15MOIS de fitness à 1633!\r\nDemain il sera trop tard 0522647000 STOPSMS: hxxps://stopsms[. We believe it was a deliberate clean-up executed by the spyware in order to remove traces that could lead to the identification of the vulnerabilities actively exploited. We found that he was repeatedly targeted with malicious SMS messages that carried links to websites connected to NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware. In October 2019, in response to our report that NSO Group’s tools were used to unlawfully target HRDs in Morocco, NSO Group told Amnesty International in a letter: “Our products are developed to help the intelligence and law enforcement community save lives. We believe this is what happened with Maati Monjib’s phone. Amnesty International is calling on the Moroccan authorities to quash the conviction against him. If you are talented and passionate about human rights then Amnesty International wants to hear from you. Further, Moroccan authorities should disclose the details of any deals carried out with the NSO Group and should ensure that HRDs are protected from unlawful surveillance through adequate legal and policy safeguards that are in line with international standards, including by providing effective legal remedies for people to challenge violations of their human rights linked to surveillance. Read more about Israeli court backs notorious spy firm NSO Group . Tamara Nassar 23 June 2020. SMS messages delivered to them carried links that pointed to malicious websites previously connected to NSO Group. %%EOF Amnesty International met Maati Monjib and checked his devices for traces of targeting. On July 22nd Maati Monjib opened Safari and tried to visit Yahoo by manually typing “yahoo.fr“ in the address bar. […] Normally, the browser would be immediately redirected by Yahoo to its default TLS-secured site at https://fr.yahoo.com/. Amnesty International has uncovered targeted digital attacks against two prominent Moroccan Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) using NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware. These messages, described as “Enhanced Social Engineering Message(s)“ (ESEM) in leaked NSO Group‘s documentation, attempt to lure victims to click on the contained link, which would then trigger an attempt of exploitation of the phone and the consequent silent installation of the Pegasus spyware on the device. Résumé. Amnesty International collected evidence of new abuses of the NSO Group ‘s surveillance spyware, this time the malware was used to spy two rights activists in Morocco. It is part of their strategy to make you suspect you’re being watched so you feel like you’re under pressure all the time. Saudis put Palestinians on trial over vague claims . Radi was targeted by a series of network injection attacks, which allowed attackers to intercept and manipulate targets’ internet traffic, Amnesty International said. In February 2017, a court in Al Hoceima sentenced him to 20 months in prison and a fine for online posts in which he criticized the use of excessive force by the authorities during the protests. Interestingly, some of the malicious links started with a capital “Https://” instead of “http://” and in one case the link missed a character, which suggests the attackers might have been typing SMS messages manually, and then sending them from a Moroccan number. Le Maroc et 44 autres pays sont les clients de NSO qui a créé Pegasus, un logiciel utilisé pour pirater des comptes WhatsApp. This is increasingly making it difficult for HRDs and activists to exercise their rights to freedom of expression and association, and peaceful assembly. While analysing the iPhone of Maati Monjib, who we confirmed above was targeted with NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware using malicious SMS links, we observed some suspicious traces which we believe are indicative of some peculiar exploitation attempts. NSO Group, entreprise israélienne commercialisant sa technologie pour combattre la pandémie de COVID-19, a favorisé une intense campagne menée par le Maroc pour espionner le journaliste marocain Omar Radi, a révélé Amnesty International dans un nouveau rapport d’enquête rendu public lundi 22 juin.On ne peut manifestement pas faire confiance à NSO Group. The messages containing malicious links were sent to him during what he recalls was the peak of the Hirak El-Rif movement and the subsequent repression by the Moroccan security forces. Since he began his work on defending protestors in Hirak, Abdessadak El Bouchattaoui was also fairly certain that he was under surveillance by the state. Amnesty International can reveal that the two targets are Maati Monjib, an academic and activist working on issues of freedom of expression, and Abdessadak El Bouchattaoui, a human rights lawyer involved in the legal defence of protestors in a social justice movement in Hirak El-Rif that took place across 2016 and 2017. Son ancien président du bureau dirigeant était le général en retraite Avigdor Ben-Gal, ancien responsable d'Israel Aircraft Industries dans les années 19901. This even applies to very practical things like arranging meetings or a dinner downtown. In this case, the attackers cleverly crafted the attack to appear like a flood of automated spam SMS messages with the same text, and offering the malicious link as a way to stop receiving them. Pour ne plus recevois nos SMS : hxxp://stopsms[. However, Morocco has denied these accusations claiming that it has never had a relationship with NSO Group, the company in charge of designing this type of software. During the course of his trial he received death threats and his family was intimidated over the phone. Amnesty International has discovered that since at least October 2017, HRDs from Morocco have been targeted with the infamous “Pegasus“ spyware produced by the Israeli company ‘NSO Group’. Permissions However considering the technical similarities to other Pegasus infections, the fact that Monjib has already been targeted with NSO Group’s software and the fact that NSO Group advertise the network injection capability we suspect was used in this attack, there is reason to believe that NSO Group’s tools may also have been used in this attack. I need to constantly analyze the consequences of what I say and the risk that this may lead to defamatory accusations against me. If we ever discover that our products were misused in breach of such a contract, we will take appropriate action.”, Nouveau à temara La 1 ère fois à Bd Fouarate Apparts avec jardin ,grandes piscines & Salle sport + 2 piscines chauffées 7/7 6000/m2. In this document, NSO Group refers to the vantage point as “Tactical Network Element“, and explains how a rogue cell tower (or Base Transceiver Station) could be used to identify the phone of the target, and remotely inject and install Pegasus. Experts at […] Citizen Lab survey lists Morocco as customer of Circles, a subsidiary of Israel’s NSO Group. Omar Radi is the latest journalist to have his phone compromised by NSO Group. NSO Group, entreprise israélienne commercialisant sa technologie pour combattre la pandémie de COVID-19, a favorisé une intense campagne menée par le Maroc pour espionner le journaliste marocain Omar Radi, a révélé Amnesty International dans un nouveau rapport d’enquête rendu public lundi 22 juin. Through this, an attacker with privileged access to a target’s network connection can monitor and opportunistically hijack traffic, such as web requests. Le groupe y a investi 1,8 million de dolla… Indian journalists reported among targets of alleged NSO Group WhatsApp hack October 31, 2019 2:29 PM EDT New York, October 31, 2019—The Committee to Protect Journalists is alarmed by news reports that several journalists in India have been notified that they were among the targets of suspicious WhatsApp contact that may have been used to install advanced surveillance technology on their phones. NSO Group Technologies (NSO standing for Niv, Shalev and Omri, the names of the company's founders) is an Israeli technology firm whose spyware called Pegasus enables the remote surveillance of smartphones. According to our research, these targeted attacks have been ongoing since at least 2017. ]com, have been previously identified and disclosed by Amnesty International as part of NSO Group‘s exploitation infrastructure. ]co, which seems to impersonate Hmizate, an e-commerce company from Morocco. ]biz/TY8us0h, TruecaIIer à le plaisir de vous annoncer l'ajout d'une nouvelle fonctionnalité, consulter les noms des personnes qui ont cherché votre numéro durant une semaine hxxp://tinyurl[. Amnesty International suspects that the NSO Group may also be behind these network injection attacks. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. Since the middle of 2018, he has been living in France after his request for asylum was accepted. NSO Group spyware used against Moroccan journalist after company pledged to respect human rights; Inc. Co. comments. The targeting of Maati Monjib and Abdessadak El Bouchattaoui, simply for carrying out human rights work, is unlawful according to principles laid out in international human rights law. ), (Please note: throughout this text domain names and links are escaped, for example using “[. Espionnage : Le Maroc serait client de Circles, filiale de l'Israélien NSO Group. With the revelations detailed in this report, it has become increasingly obvious that NSO Group’s claims and its human rights policy are an attempt to whitewash rights violations caused by the use of its products. Moroccan HRDs have faced harassment, intimidation, and imprisonment. Un rapport documenté de Citizen Lab affirme que le Maroc, à travers ses instances sécuritaires, fait partie des Etats clients de Circles Systems, une filiale de la firme israélienne NSO Group qui commercialise des technologies de surveillance controversées. NSO Group has repeatedly said it only sells its technology to governments. In 2015, Moroccan authorities accused him (and four others) of “threatening the internal security of the state” through “propaganda” that may threaten “the loyalty that citizens owe to the State and institutions of the Moroccan people” under Article 206 of the Penal Code, according to official court papers. He says that he has been followed multiple times and that his clients have also been harassed. This allows them to change the behaviour of a targeted device and, such as in this case, to re-route it to malicious downloads or exploit pages without requiring any extra interaction from the victim. Israel-based “Cyber Warfare” vendor NSO Group produces and sells a mobile phone spyware suite called Pegasus. This has had a detrimental impact on his activism and daily life. Safari records its entire browsing history in a SQLite database stored on the device (and exportable through an iTunes backup procedure). These crash logs are stored on the phone indefinitely, at least until the phone is synced with iTunes. As laid out in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, the NSO Group and their primary investor, the UK-based private equity firm Novalpina Capital, should urgently take pro-active steps to ensure that they do not cause or contribute to human rights abuses within their global operations, and to respond to any human rights abuses when they do occur. Refunds of donations. Amnesty International a publié lundi un rapport sur l'utilisation de programmes d'espionnage produits par la société israélienne NSO Group pour contrôler le militant et journaliste Omar Radi, connu pour travailler pour divers médias nationaux et internationaux tels que Atlantic Radio et TelQuel. In conclusion, because of the domain names and the characteristics of the links sent to Maati Monjib and Abdessadek El Bouchattaoui via SMS we can assume that, if clicked, they would have resulted in an attempted exploitation of their devices and the subsequent infection NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware, enabling the attackers to exercise complete monitoring of the victims’ communications and other data. The browser first attempted an unencrypted connection to http://yahoo.fr. Amnesty International said Sunday its security team found evidence of abuse on a Moroccan journalist’s cell phone that can be tied back to spyware developed by NSO Group. (Note: with each attempt, the redirected URL would change slightly with different subdomains, port number, and URI.). ]co/nBBJBIP, فاجعة الصويرة تسقط أول المسؤولين أمام القضاء hxxps://infospress[. Toute l'actualité NSO_Group du Maroc et des Marocains à travers le Monde. Il est dit que les fondateurs sont des anciens membres de l'unité 8200, l'unité de renseignement israélienne responsable du Renseignement d'origine électromagnétique4. We believe at least one injection attack was successful and resulted in the compromise of Maati Monjib’s iPhone. NSO Group, entreprise israélienne commercialisant sa technologie pour combattre la pandémie de COVID-19, a favorisé une intense campagne menée par le Maroc pour espionner le journaliste marocain Omar Radi, a révélé Amnesty International dans un nouveau rapport d’enquête rendu public lundi 22 juin. These were carried out through SMS messages carrying malicious links that, if clicked, would attempt to exploit the mobile device of the victim and install NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware. Read more about Morocco used Israeli malware to spy on journalists . In the absence of adequate transparency on investigations of misuse by NSO Group and due diligence mechanisms, Amnesty International has long found these claims spurious. NSO Group ‘s surveillance spyware made the headlines again, this time the malware was used to spy on 2 rights activists in Morocco according Amnesty International. The full response from the NSO Group is included in Appendix-I, wherein they reiterate that allegations of misuse would be investigated. ]com/y9hbdqm5 \nvous pouvez consulter nos offres du moment, Vous l'avez demandé,CityClub l'a fait!Grand retour du BLACKFRIDAY vendredi 24/11!\r\nRéservez votre carte promo 15 mois à 1633dh! Morocco used Israeli malware to spy on journalists. Instead, the browser history indicates that the page immediately (in less than 3 milliseconds) redirected to a very suspicious looking site: hxxps://bun54l2b67.get1tn0w.free247downloads[.]com:30495/szev4hz. Abdessadak El Bouchattaoui had also long suspected that his digital communications were being monitored. According to our research, these targeted attacks have been ongoing since at least 2017. After about 30 seconds, Maati Monjib again tried to access Yahoo, this time by searching “yahoo.fr mail“ on Google and then eventually being directed to the right location where he then read his email. NSO Group, entreprise israélienne commercialisant sa technologie pour combattre la pandémie de COVID-19, a favorisé une intense campagne menée par le Maroc pour espionner le journaliste marocain Omar Radi, a révélé Amnesty International dans un nouveau rapport d’enquête rendu public lundi 22 juin. SMS messages sent to Moroccan Human Rights Defenders, as documented in this report, also carry similar links to the same set of Internet infrastructure attributed to NSO Group. die NSO GmbH wurde in die feelgood-IT GmbH >> https://www.feelgood-it.de << umbenannt. This database not only keeps individual records of particular links being visited, but it also records the origin and destination of each visit. We believe this is a symptom of a network injection attack generally called “man-in-the-middle” attack. Annual report 2019: Eastern Europe and Central Asia, EU Counter-Terrorism Agenda takes a wrecking ball to rights, Human rights monitoring needed more than ever in Western Sahara, documented the targeting of an Amnesty staff member and a Saudi HRD using NSO Group‘s Pegasus, malicious websites previously connected to NSO Group, previously identified and disclosed by Amnesty International, Hide and Seek: Tracking NSO Group‘s Spyware to Operations in 45 Countries, Amnesty International Among Targets of NSO-powered Campaign, Israel: Amnesty International engages in legal action to stop NSO Group’s web of surveillance, Open letter to Novalpina Capital, CC: NSO Group, Francisco Partners, Second open letter to Novalpina Capital, CC: NSO Group, Francisco Partners. This type of redirection would only be possible when the request is in clear text, and not protected with Transport Layer Security (or TLS, which is essentially the https:// you sometimes see in links), as was the case with http://yahoo.fr. He is an important voice on issues of freedom of expression in Morocco.
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